Installing A Garden Irrigation System: How It Works

Garden irrigation systems aren’t hugely prevalent across British gardens, but those who do use them to water their plants will easily attest to their benefits. Hand watering or using a hose or sprinkler system can waste over half of the water used due to evaporation or drainage runoff. By comparison, garden irrigation provides a far more efficient method of watering plants and flowers, offering less water wastage and taking less time to complete overall.

Despite these clear advantages, many homeowners are not making use of these systems for their gardens. This may well be due to the fact that people don’t actually know how easy it is to set up their own garden irrigation systems, with just a few components needed to get started. Here’s our guide on how it works, how to get your home system set up, and the benefits it can bring to your garden.


How does garden irrigation work?

Garden irrigation is a way of giving your plants the water they need whilst minimising any waste. Instead of watering them from above, the direct approach provided by irrigation can be suited for any size of garden and any number of plants, from hanging baskets to large flowerbeds. The irrigation systems themselves can take a few different forms, such as direct drip irrigation, soaker hoses, and garden reservoirs, all of which can send water straight to the precise part of soil which needs hydration.


Installing your garden irrigation system

There are two main forms of garden irrigation which are available to consumers: a garden reservoir or a water dripper system. The former requires a central basin of water, which can be dug into the soil near the plants you are looking to water, and some strips of cloth. Once you have filled the basin, place one end of each piece of cloth inside, and extend the cloth onto the soil close to whichever of your plants you wish to water. Water from the basin will be absorbed by the cloth, and then transfer onto the dry soil it touches.

For a more thorough method of watering your plants, you will need to buy the component parts to make up a drip irrigation system. This will be connected directly to your garden hose, and leads out to a series of individual drippers which can be fitted inside your pots or flowerbeds. Part of the reason this will save more water than using a watering can is that, by virtue of being hooked up to your water supply, you can attach a water timer which will only let out water at specified times.

Drip irrigation is powered by drippers—a series of micro-hoses, which provide water to specific areas of your garden. You simply have to count how many plants or parts of your garden you need to water to determine how many you will need. These drippers are then connected to your main hose via a series of supply hoses, which need to be dug into the soil near the plants you need to water.


Benefits of garden irrigation systems

Garden irrigation, as stated above, is primarily useful for providing targeted irrigation while simultaneously reducing the amount of water which is normally wasted when keeping your garden hydrated, thanks to a water timer. However, the environment isn’t the only thing that will benefit from having an irrigation system in place in your garden.

Irrigating your garden will directly improve the quality of your soil and your plants, as it prevents overwatering, which removes nutrients in the soil and can occasionally compact it, which leads to diseases within the roots. If the soil in your garden is watered beyond the areas where your plants and flowers are growing, it will also encourage the growth of weeds, which could further wreck your garden’s overall health.